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Partition efficiency of cytochrome c with alcohol/salt aqueous biphasic flotation system

Ng, Hui-Suan, Ng, Tze-Cheng, Kee, Phei Er, Tan, Joo Shun, Yim, Hip Seng, Lan, John Chi-Wei
Journal of bioscience and bioengineering 2020 v.129 no.2 pp. 237-241
1-propanol, ammonium sulfate, carbon, citrates, cytochrome c, ethanol, isopropyl alcohol, pH, phosphates, solvents
Aqueous biphasic flotation (ABF) integrates aqueous biphasic system (ABS) and solvent sublation for recovery of target biomolecules. The feasibility of the alcohol/salt ABF for exclusive partition of cytochrome c to one specific phase of the system was investigated. Aliphatic alcohols of different carbon chain length (ethanol, 1-propanol and 2-propanol) and salts (sulfate, phosphate and citrate) were used for the phase formation. The effects of phase composition, concentration of sample loading, pH, flotation time and flow rate of the system on the partition efficiency of cytochrome c were determined. Cytochrome c was exclusively partitioned to the alcohol-rich top phase of the ABF of 18% (w/w) ethanol and 26% (w/w) ammonium sulfate with pH 6 and 20% (w/w) of sample loading. Highest partition coefficient (K) of 6.85 ± 0.21 and yield (YT) of 99.40% ± 0.02 were obtained with optimum flotation rate of 10 mL/min and flow rate of 10 min.