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Ozone-induced ethylene emission accelerates the loss of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase-oxygenase and nuclear-encoded mRNAs in senescing potato leaves
- Glick, R.E., Schlagnhaufer, C.D., Arteca, R.N., Pell, E.J.
- Plant physiology 1995 v.109 no.3 pp. 891-898
- ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase, messenger RNA, complementary DNA, Solanum tuberosum, ethylene production, ozone, gene expression, transcription (genetics), duration, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase, protein content, environmental exposure, leaves
- The relationships among O3-induced accelerated senescence, induction of ethylene, and changes in specific mRNA and protein levels were investigated in potato (Solanum tuberosum L. cv Norland) plants. When plants were exposed to 0.08 microliters L-1 O3 for 5 h d-1, steady-state levels of rbcS mRNA declined at least 5-fold in expanding leaves after 3 d of O3 exposure and ethylene levels increased 6- to 10-fold. The expression of OIP-1, a 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase cDNA from potato, correlated with increased production of ethylene and decreased levels of rbcS mRNA in foliage of plants treated with O3. In plants exposed to 0.30 microliters L-1 O3 for 4 h, rbcS transcript levels were reduced 4-fold, whereas nuclear run-on experiments revealed that rbcS transcription declined an average of 50%. The loss of rbcS mRNA may be due, in part, to posttranscriptional regulation. The levels of transcripts for other chloroplast proteins, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, and a photosystem II chlorophyll a/b-binding protein decreased in O3-treated plants, in parallel with the decrease in rbcS mRNA. The steady-state mRNA level of a cytosolic glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase increased in O3-treated plants. The induction of ethylene and changes in transcript levels preceded visible leaf damage and decreases in ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase protein levels.