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Roots of iron-efficient maize also absorb phytosiderophore-chelated zinc

Wiren, N. von, Marschner, H., Romheld, V.
Plant physiology 1996 v.111 no.4 pp. 1119-1125
Zea mays, roots, mutants, ion transport, iron, zinc, chelates, nutrient transport, deferoxamine, zinc sulfate, metal ions, uptake mechanisms, siderophores
To investigate the recognition of Zn-phytosiderophores by the putative Fe-phytosiderophore transporter in maize (Zea mays L.) roots, short-term uptake of 65Zn-labeled phytosiderophores was compared in the Fe-efficient maize cultivar Alice and the maize mutant ys1 carrying a defect in Fe-phytosiderophore uptake. In ys1, uptake and translocation rates of Zn from Zn-phytosiderophores were one-half of those in Alice, but no genotypical difference was found in Zn uptake and translocation from other Zn-binding forms. In ys1 and in tendency also in Alice, Zn uptake decreased with increasing stability constant of the chelate in the order: ZnSO4 greater than or equal to Zn-desferrioxamine > Zn-phytosiderophores > Zn-EDTA. Adding a 500-fold excess of free phytosiderophores over Zn to the uptake solution depressed Zn uptake in ys1 almost completely. In uptake studies with double-labeled 65Zn-14C-phytosiderophores, ys1 absorbed the phytosiderophore at similar rates when supplied as a Zn-chelate or the free ligand. By contrast, in Alice 14C-phytosiderophore uptake from the Zn-chelate was 2.8-fold higher than from the free ligand, suggesting that Alice absorbed the complete Zn-phytosiderophore complex via the putative plasma membrane transporter for Fe-phytosiderophores. We propose two pathways for the uptake of Zn from Zn-phytosiderophores in grasses, one via the transport of the free Zn cation and the other via the uptake of nondissociated Zn-phytosiderophores.