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An environmentally friendly method for the synthesis of nano-alumina with controllable morphologies

Liu, Chengchao, Li, Jinlin, Liew, Kongyong, Zhu, Junjiang, Nordin, Mohd Ridzuan bin
RSC advances 2012 v.2 no.22 pp. 8352-8358
aluminum oxide, ammonia, ammonium carbonate, aqueous solutions, byproducts, carbon dioxide, ethanol, nitrates, prices, surfactants, sustainable technology
The relatively high price of aluminum alkoxides as an alumina source and organic surfactants as morphology control or structure directing agents are less attractive for practical applications to the synthesis of nanostructured alumina. Moreover, some of these synthesis processes may generate large masses of salt by-products. A highly efficient synthesis of nano-alumina from ammonium carbonate aqueous solution and aluminum nitrate ethanol solution without the use of a template and complicated processes has been achieved. The Al(NO₃)₃·9H₂O reagent can be completely converted to nano-alumina without a by-product and the ethanol solutions can be reused. In addition, the CO₂ and NH₃ produced can also be recycled to the reagent (NH₄)₂CO₃. The nano-alumina synthesized is of γ-alumina structure. Moreover, the simple and environmentally friendly route described could enhance the synthesis technology for nano-alumina and its applications.