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The effects of naringin on different cyclophosphamide-induced organ toxicities in rats: investigation of changes in some metabolic enzyme activities

Caglayan, Cuneyt
Environmental science and pollution research international 2019 v.26 no.26 pp. 26664-26673
acetylcholinesterase, aldehyde reductase, body weight, brain, carbonate dehydratase, cholinesterase, cyclophosphamide, enzyme activity, heart, kidneys, laboratory animals, liver, males, medicinal properties, naringin, oral administration, rats, testes, tissues
Cyclophosphamide (CYP) is a common anticancer drug used in the treatment of various malignancies. Naringin (NG) is a natural bioflavonoid that have been reported to have many medicinal and pharmacological properties. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), carbonic anhydrase (CA), α-glycosidase (α-Gly), and aldose reductase (AR) enzymes are the essential biological molecules needed for metabolic processes in all living cells. In the present study, the aim was to investigate the effect of NG against CYP-induced liver, brain, kidney, heart, and testis toxicities on some metabolic enzyme activities such as AChE, BChE, CA, α-Gly, and AR. Thirty-five male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups with each group consisting of seven rats. The rats were subjected to oral treatment of NG (50 and 100 mg/kg body weight) for 7 days before administering a single dose of CYP (200 mg/kg body weight, i.p) on the seventh day. Treatment with NG in all tissues regulated these enzyme activities in CYP-induced rats. The results of this study showed that NG regulates abnormal increases and decreases in CYP-induced metabolic enzyme activities in all tissues.