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Immobilization of flax protoplasts in agarose and alginate beads. Correlation between ionically bound cell-wall proteins and morphogenetic response

Roger, D., David, A., David, H.
Plant physiology 1996 v.112 no.3 pp. 1191-1199
Linum usitatissimum, protoplasts, agarose, alginates, morphogenesis, anatomy and morphology, culture media, auxins, cell walls, protein secretion, polypeptides, inorganic ions, calcium, cell wall components, shape
Linum usitatissimum protoplast-derived colonies that are cultured in auxin-supplemented medium and immobilized in Ca2+-alginate matrix form round colonies thatdevelop into polarized, embryo-like structures. On the other hand, protoplast-derived colonies that are immobilized in agarose do not show an organized morphogenetic response, and unique, ionically bound cell-wall protein patterns match this response. Although only slight differences in neosynthesized or total constitutive polypeptides are observed, dramatic changes in ionically bound cell-wall proteins are seen. In protoplasts grown on Ca2+-alginate-solidified, auxin-containing medium, several basic polypeptides were strongly induced and were found tightly bound to the cell wall. In contrast, these basic proteins were found only weakly bound to the walls of protoplasts grown on agarose-solidified, auxin-containing medium or on Ca2+-alginate-solidified, auxin-free medium, in which they were released into the medium. Our results suggest that plant cells can perceive and respond to the adjacent extracellular matrix, since we show that the growth of flax cells on Ca2+-alginate in the presence of auxin-containing medium may promote the binding of specific proteins to the walls. This establishes a direct correlation of an embryo-like morphogenesis with tonically bound cell-wall basic proteins in flax protoplasts grown on Ca2+-alginate-solidified, auxin-containing medium.