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Al-induced, 51-kilodalton, membrane-bound proteins are associated with resistance to Al in a segregating population of wheat

Author:
Taylor, G.J., Basu, A., Basu, U., Slaski, J.J., Zhang, G., Good, A.
Source:
Plant physiology 1997 v.114 no.1 pp. 363-372
ISSN:
0032-0889
Subject:
cultivars, sulfur, protein synthesis, dose response, quantitative analysis, callose, phytotoxicity, radiolabeling, stress response, cytosol, microsomes, Triticum aestivum, aluminum, mitochondria, tonoplast, genetic variation, plasma membrane, genotype, protein composition
Abstract:
Incorporation of 35S into protein is reduced by exposure to Al in wheat (Triticum aestivum), but the effects are genotype-specific. Exposure to 10 to 75 micromolars Al had little effect on 35S incorporation into total protein, nuclear and mitochondrial protein, microsomal protein, and cytosolic protein in the Al-resistant cultivar PT741. In contrast, 10 micromolars Al reduced incorporation by 21 to 38% in the Al-sensitive cultivar Katepwa, with effects becoming more pronounced (31-62%) as concentrations of Al increased. We previously reported that a pair of 51-kD membrane-bound proteins accumulated in root tips of PT741 under conditions of Al stress. We now report that the 51-kD band is labeled with 35S after 24 h of exposure to 75 micromolars Al. The specific induction of the 51-kD band in PT741 suggested a potential role of one or both of these proteins in mediating resistance to Al. Therefore, we analyzed their expression in single plants from an F2 population arising from a cross between the PT741 and Katepwa cultivars. Accumulation of 1,3-beta-glucans (callose) in root tips after 24 h of exposure to 100 micromolars Al indicated that this population segregated for Al resistance in about a 3:1 ratio. A close correlation between resistance to Al (low callose content of root tips) and accumulation of the 51-kD band was observed, indicating that at least one of these proteins cosegregates with the Al-resistance phenotype. As a first step in identifying a possible function, we have demonstrated that the 51-kD band is most clearly associated with the tonoplast. Whereas Al has been reported to stimulate the activity of the tonoplast H+-ATPase and H+-PPase, antibodies raised against these proteins did not cross-react with the 51-kD band. Efforts are now under way to purify this protein from tonoplast-enriched fractions.
Agid:
664858