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Differential induction of lipoxygenase isoforms in wheat upon treatment with rust fungus elicitor, chitin oligosaccharides, chitosan, and methyl jasmonate

Bohland, C., Balkenhohl, T., Loers, G., Feussner, I., Grambow, H.J.
Plant physiology 1997 v.114 no.2 pp. 679-685
protein synthesis, dose response, chitosan, seedlings, jasmonic acid, linoleate 13S-lipoxygenase, Puccinia graminis, Triticum aestivum, leaves, plant pathogenic fungi, oligosaccharides, chitin, enzyme activity, isozymes, protein composition
A glycopeptide elicitor prepared from germ tubes of the rust fungus Puccinia graminis Pers. f. sp. tritici Erikss. & Henn (Pgt),as well as chitin oligosaccharides, chitosan, and methyl jasmonate (MJ) stimulated lipoxygenase (LOX) activity (E.C. in wheat (Triticum aestivum) leaves. Immunoblot analysis using anti-LOX antibodies revealed the induction of 92- and 103-kD LOX species after Pgt elicitor treatment. In contrast, MJ treatment led to a significant increase of a 100-kD LOX species, which was also detected at lower levels in control plants. The effects of chitin oligomers and chitosan resembled those caused by MJ. In conjunction with other observations the results suggest that separate reaction cascades exist, and that jasmonates may not be involved in Pgt elicitor action. LOX-92 appears to be mainly responsible for the increase in LOX activity after Pgt elicitor treatment because its appearance on western blots coincided with high LOX activity in distinct anion-exchange chromatography fractions. It is most active at pH 5.5 to 6.0, and product formation from linoleic and alpha-linolenic acid is clearly in favor of the 9-LOOHs. It is interesting that a 92-kD LOX species, which seems to correspond to the Pgt elicitor-induced LOX species, was also detected in rust-inoculated leaves.