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Turnover of galactans and other cell wall polysaccharides during development of flax plants

Gorshkova, T.A., Chemikosova, S.B., Lozovaya, V.V., Carpita, N.C.
Plant physiology 1997 v.114 no.2 pp. 723-729
plant development, galactans, biosynthesis, cell growth, radiolabeling, galactose, Linum usitatissimum, developmental stages, xylose, arabinose, dose response, phloem, cell wall components, cell differentiation, metabolites
We investigated the synthesis and turnover of cell wall polysaccharides of the flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) plant during development of the phloem fibers. One-month-old flax plants were exposed to a 40-min pulse with 14CO2 followedby 8-h, 24-h, and 1-month periods of chase with ambient CO2, and radioactivity in cell wall sugars was determined in various plant parts. The relative radioactivity of glucose in noncellulosic polysaccharides was the highest compared with all other cell wall sugars immediately after the pulse and decreased substantially during the subsequent chase. The relative radioactivities of the other cell wall sugars changed with differing rates, indicating turnover of specific polysaccharides. Notably, after 1 month of chase there was a marked decrease in the proportional mass and total radioactivity in cell wall galactose, indicating a long-term turnover of the galactans enriched in the fiber-containing tissues. The ratio of radiolabeled xylose to arabinose also increased during the chase, indicating a turnover of arabinose-containing polymers and interconversion to xylose. The pattern of label redistribution differed between organs, indicating that the cell wall turnover processes are tissue- and cell-specific.