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Inorganic carbon accumulation stimulates linear electron flow to artificial electron acceptors of photosystem I in air-grown cells of the cyanobacterium synechococcus UTEX 625

Li, Q.L., Canvin, D.T.
Plant physiology 1997 v.114 no.4 pp. 1273-1281
Synechococcus, cultured cells, light intensity, photosystem I, photosystem II, glycols, aldehydes, carbon, inorganic compounds, dose response, nutrient transport, oxygen, gas exchange, aerobic conditions, anaerobic conditions, light harvesting complex, electron transfer
The effect of inorganic carbon (Ci) transport and accumulation on photosynthetic electron transport was studied in air-grown cells of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus UTEX 625. When the cells were depleted of Ci, linear photosynthetic electron flow was almost completely inhibited in the presence of the photosystem I (PSI) acceptor N,N-dimethyl-p-nitrosoaniline (PNDA). The addition of Ci to these cells, in which CO2 fixation was inhibited with glycolaldehyde, greatly stimulated linear electron flow and resulted in increased levels of photochemical quenching and O2 evolution. In aerobic conditions substantial quenching resulted from methyl viologen (MV) addition and further quenching was not observed upon the addition of Ci. In anaerobic conditions MV addition did not result in quenching until Ci was added. Intracellular Ci pools were formed when MV was present in aerobic or anaerobic conditions or PNDA was present in aerobic conditions. There was no inhibitory effect of Ci depletion on electron flow to 2,6-dimethylbenzoquinone and oxidized diaminodurene, which accept electrons from photosystem II. The degree of stimulation of PNDA-dependent O2 evolution varied with the Ci concentration. The extracellular Ci concentration required for a half-maximum rate (K1/2) was 3.8 micrometers and the intracellular K1/2 was 1.4 micrometers for the stimulation of PNDA reduction. These values agreed closely with the K1/2 values of extracellular and intracellular Ci for O2 photoreduction. Linear electron flow to artificial electron acceptors of PSI was enhanced by intracellular Ci, which appeared to exert an effect on PSI or on the intersystem electron transport chain.