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A gene encoding a chloroplast-targeted lipoxygenase in tomato leaves is transiently induced by wounding, systemin, and methyl jasmonate

Heitz, T., Bergey, D.R., Ryan, C.A.
Plant physiology 1997 v.114 no.3 pp. 1085-1093
Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, leaves, chloroplasts, protein composition, lipoxygenase, protein synthesis, jasmonic acid, genetic code, genes, gene expression, ripening, messenger RNA, complementary DNA, amino acid sequences, defense mechanisms, stearic acid, biochemical pathways, protein transport
We investigated the relationship between the expression of lipoxygenase (LOX) genes and the systemin-dependent wound response in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) leaves. A polymerase chain reaction-based approach was used to isolate two tomato Lox cDNAs, called TomLoxC and TomLoxD. Both TomLOXC and TomLOXD amino acid sequences possess an N-terminal extension of about 60 residues that were shown by in vitro uptake to function as transit peptides, targeting these proteins into the chloroplast. Within 30 to 50 min following wounding or systemin or methyl jasmonate treatments, the TomLoxD mRNA level increased and reached a maximum between 1 and 2 h. TomLoxC mRNA was not detectable in leaves and was not found following wounding, but it was found in ripening fruits, indicating that the two tomato Lox genes are regulated in different tissues by different processes. The results suggest that the TomLoxD gene is up-regulated in leaves in response to wounding and encodes a chloroplast LOX that may play arole as a component of the octadecanoid defense-signaling pathway.