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Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of a new class of MT₂-selective agonists
- Zhang, Xuan, Wang, Zhilong, Huang, Qingqing, Luo, Yu, Xie, Xin, Lu, Wei
- RSC advances 2014 v.4 no.49 pp. 25871-25874
- agonists, antagonists, biological assessment, ligands, lipophilicity, median effective concentration
- A novel class of chiral 2,3-dihydro-1H-indene derivatives were designed and synthesized as melatonergic ligands. Most of the reported MT₂-selective ligands behave as antagonists. By contrast, our exploration of 2,3-dihydro-1H-indene showed that the introduction of a lipophilic group at the 2- or 3-position of this scaffold could afford highly selective MT₂ agonists. Among all these synthesized molecules, compounds 10b, 12a, 17a, 20a exhibited powerful MT₂ agonistic activity (EC₅₀ < 50 nM) as well as excellent MT₂ selectivity (more than 2200-fold).