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N2O and CH4 emissions from fertilized agricultural soils in southwestern France

Jambert, C., Delmas, R., Serca, D., Thouron, L., Labroue, L., Delprat, L.
Nutrient cycling in agroecosystems 1997 v.48 no.1/2 pp. 105-114
irrigated soils, nitrous oxide, methane, losses from soil, nitrogen fertilizers, soil water content, rain, algorithms, anaerobiosis, emissions, greenhouse gases, corn soils
Emissions of nitrogen compounds from heavily fertilized and irrigated maize fields have been studied in the Southwest of France, over an annual cultivation cycle. Strong nitrous oxide emissions from denitrification were observed after application of nitrogen fertilizer. Flux intensity appears to be stimulated by rain or irrigation. Emission algorithms, taking into account both nitrogen input and soil water content were established on the basis of the experimental data set. They allowed us to estimate annual nitrogen loss in the form of nitrous oxide modulated by rainfall. Production of methane is observed at the level of the water table under anoxic conditions. Nevertheless, the net flux between soil and atmosphere is negative for most of the time. When methane is produced, fluxes were very low due to methane oxidation in the soil surface layer.