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Exploring the catalytic performance of a series of bimetallic MIL-100(Fe, Ni) MOFs

Giménez-Marqués, Mónica, Santiago-Portillo, Andrea, Navalón, Sergio, Álvaro, Mercedes, Briois, Valérie, Nouar, Farid, Garcia, Hermenegildo, Serre, Christian
Journal of materials chemistry A 2019 v.7 no.35 pp. 20285-20292
X-ray absorption spectroscopy, acidity, adsorption, carbon monoxide, catalysts, catalytic activity, coordination polymers, crystal structure, infrared spectroscopy, iron, leaching, metal ions, models, nickel, oxidation
A series of mixed-metal Feᴵᴵᴵ/Niᴵᴵ metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) of the MIL-100 type containing different metal ratios have been synthesized de novo, following an approach that requires tuning of the Feᴵᴵᴵ/Niᴵᴵ reactivity. The resulting heterometallic MIL-100(Fe, Ni) materials maintain thermal, chemical and structural stability with respect to the parent MIL-100(Fe) MOF as can be deduced from various techniques. The nature and the oxidation state of the accessible metal cations have been evaluated by in situ infrared spectroscopy and extended X-ray absorption fine structure measurements. The obtained mixed-metal MOFs and the parent material have been evaluated as heterogeneous catalysts in a model acid-catalyzed reaction, i.e., the Prins reaction. It is found that the catalytic activity improves by more than one order of magnitude upon incorporation of Niᴵᴵ, with a complete selectivity for the formation of nopol. This increase in the catalytic activity upon incorporation of Niᴵᴵ correlates with the enhancement in the Lewis acidity of the material as determined by CO adsorption. The heterometallic MOF can be recycled without observation of metal leaching, while maintaining the crystal structure under the reaction conditions.