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Sorption of aluminum to plasma membrane vesicles isolated from roots of Scout 66 and Atlas 66 cultivars of wheat

Yermiyahu, U., Brauer, D.K., Kinraide, T.B.
Plant physiology 1997 v.115 no.3 pp. 1119-1125
Triticum aestivum, roots, aluminum, phytotoxicity, ion transport, cations, anions, measurement, membrane potential, cultivars, genetic variation, plasma membrane, electron transfer, stress response
To further elucidate the mechanisms of differential genotypic tolerance to Al, plasma membrane (PM) vesicles were isolated from whole roots, root tips, and tipless roots of Al3+-sensitive and Al3+-tolerantcultivars (cv) of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv Scout 66 and cv Atlas 66, respectively). Vesicles from cv Scout root tips sorbed more Al than vesicles prepared from any other source. The intrinsic surface-charge density of vesicles isolated from cv Scout was 26% more negative than vesicles from cv Atlas (-37.2 versus -29.5 millicoulombs m-2). Growth experiments indicated that cv Scout is slightly more sensitive to La3+ than is cv Atlas, that the cultivars are equally sensitive to H+, and that cv Atlas is slightly more sensitive to SeO42-. The difference in sensitivity to Al3+ was very large; for a 50% inhibition, a 16-fold greater activity of Al3+ was required for cv Atlas. Using a newly developed Gouy-Chapman-Stern model for ion sorption to the PM together with growth-response curves, we estimate that the difference in surface-charge density can account for the slightly greater sensitivity of cv Scout to cationic toxicants and the slightly greater sensitivity of cv Atlas to anionic toxicants. According to our estimates the differences in PM surface negativity and Al sorptive capacity probably account for some of the difference in sensitivity to Al3+, but the greater part of the difference probably arises from other tolerance mechanisms expressed in cv Atlas root tips that reduce the amount of Al3+ that can reach the PM.