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Localization of expression of three cold-induced genes, blt101, blt4.9, and blt14, in different tissues of the crown and developing leaves of cold-acclimated cultivated barley

Pearce, R.S., Houlston, C.E., Atherton, K.M., Rixon, J.E., Harriosn, P., Hughes, M.A., Dunn, M.A.
Plant physiology 1998 v.117 no.3 pp. 787-795
Hordeum vulgare, leaves, developmental stages, cold tolerance, acclimation, hybridization, genes, messenger RNA, gene expression, plant anatomy
Tissues expressing mRNAs of three cold-induced genes, blt101, blt14, and blt4.9, and a control gene, elongation factor 1alpha, were identified in the crown and immature leaves of cultivated barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv Igri). Hardiness and tissue damage were assessed. blt101 and blt4.9 mRNAs were not detected in control plants; blt14 was expressed in control plants but only in the inner layers of the crown cortex. blt101 was expressed in many tissues of cold-acclimated plants but most strongly in the vascular-transition zone of the crown; blt14 was expressed only in the inner layers of the cortex and in cell layers partly surrounding vascular bundles in the vascular-transition zone; expression of blt4.9, which codes for a nonspecific lipid-transfer protein, was confined to the epidermis of the leaf and to the epidermis of the older parts of the crown. None of the cold-induced genes was expressed in the tunica, although the control gene was most strongly expressed there. Thus, the molecular aspects of acclimation differed markedly between tissues. Damage in the vascular-transition zone of the crown correlated closely with plant survival. Therefore, the strong expression of blt101 and blt14 in this zone may indicate a direct role in freezing tolerance of the crown.