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Reduction of perovskite-geikielite by methane–hydrogen gas mixture: Thermodynamic analysis and experimental results

Zhang, Run, Dang, Jie, Liu, Dong, Lv, Zepeng, Fan, Gangqiang, Hu, Liwen
The Science of the total environment 2020 v.699 pp. 134355
carbon, carbonization, furnaces, hydrogen, iron oxides, methane, slags, temperature, thermodynamics, titanium
The present study investigated the reduction and carbonization behavior of perovskite-geikielite by using CH4–H2 gas mixture, which aimed to recycle the titanium resource in titanium-bearing blast furnace slag. Thermodynamic phase equilibrium analysis in the CaTiO3–CH4–H2, MgTiO3–CH4–H2 and CaTiO3–MgTiO3–CH4–H2 systems was performed by FactSage. The analysis indicated that CaTiO3 could be ultimately reduced and carbonized to TiCxOy by CH4–H2 gas mixture at temperature above 1300 °C, while the temperature for reduction of MgTiO3 was above 1200 °C. MgTiO3 is found to be reduced prior to CaTiO3 in the CaTiO3–MgTiO3–CH4–H2 systems. The reduction experiments of perovskite-geikielite were carried out in a temperature range of 1300 °C to 1450 °C in a flowing CH4–H2 atmosphere. Experimental results showed that perovskite-geikielite could be reduced completely to TiCxOy at 1400 °C and above after 8 h reduction, while geikielite was reduced prior to perovskite. The reduction and carbonization extent of samples increased with increasing time and temperature when in a low temperature range (below 1400 °C). However, a much higher temperature (above 1400 °C) would hinder further carbonization of TiCxOy for the production of deposited carbon. Addition of iron oxides to sample strongly facilitated the reduction reaction, and even promoted the reduction of titanium to be completed at only 1300 °C after 8 h reduction. The gas-solid reaction provided a low temperature method to reduce and carbonize perovskite and geikielite, and thus it provided a possible way to use titanium-bearing blast furnace slag.