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Elevated levels of lead exposure and impact on the anti-inflammatory ability of oral sialic acids among preschool children in e-waste areas

Author:
Hou, Ruikun, Huo, Xia, Zhang, Shaocheng, Xu, Cheng, Huang, Yu, Xu, Xijing
Source:
The Science of the total environment 2020 v.699 pp. 134380
ISSN:
0048-9697
Subject:
anti-inflammatory activity, blood serum, chronic exposure, dental caries, electronic wastes, interleukin-6, lead, models, necrosis, neoplasms, oral health, periodontitis, preschool children, risk, saliva, sialic acid, teeth, tumor necrosis factor-alpha
Abstract:
The oral health of preschool children in an electronic waste (e-waste) area is susceptible to lead (Pb) exposure increasing the risk of dental caries and causing periodontitis and other oral diseases. The aim of the present study is to investigate the relationship between chronic exposure to Pb and oral anti-inflammatory potential of preschool children. For this analysis, 574 preschool children from 2.5 to 6 years of age were recruited between November and December 2017, in which 357 preschool children were from Guiyu (n = 357), an e-waste-contaminated town, and 217 from Haojiang Shantou. We measured the levels of child blood Pb, salivary sialic acid, serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and serum tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and investigated the prevalence of dental caries in deciduous teeth. The medians of blood Pb levels, serum IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly higher in the Guiyu children than in Haojiang children. Concomitantly, salivary sialic acids were lower in the Guiyu children [9.58 (3.97, 18.42) mg/dL] than in Haojiang [17.57 (5.95, 24.23) mg/dL]. Additionally, the prevalence of dental caries in deciduous teeth was significantly higher in the Guiyu children than in Haojiang (62.5% vs. 53.9%). Blood Pb levels were negatively correlated with salivary sialic acids, in which IL-6 played as a mediator of the association between blood Pb levels and saliva sialic acid concentrations according to the mediation model. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the potential association between chronic Pb exposure and the anti-inflammatory ability of oral sialic acids among preschool children. These results suggest that the chronic Pb exposure can reduce salivary sialic acid levels, attenuate oral anti-inflammatory potential and increase the potential risk of dental caries in deciduous teeth among preschool children in an e-waste site.
Agid:
6660703