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Integrated energy systems planning with electricity, heat and gas using particle swarm optimization

Qin, Chao, Yan, Qingyou, He, Gang
Energy 2019 v.188 pp. 116044
algorithms, electricity, energy conversion, energy costs, heat, models, natural gas, planning, power generation, power plants, uncertainty, variance, wind power, China
An integrated energy system combines the power grid, natural gas pipeline, district heating network, and renewable energy generation to enhance the integration of renewable energy and smooth the load demand profile. However, the system faces great uncertainty derived from flexible renewable generation and demand load, etc. This paper brought in the robust optimization theory, considered the wind power integration on the supply side and the load fluctuation on the demand side. It also combined the constraints coming from the power grid, natural gas pipeline and heating network. We constructed a multi-objective robust optimization model for integrated energy system, based on minimizing the fuel cost, the wind power curtailment and the variance of peak-valley electrical load on the end-user side, as the objection functions. To solve the global optimal solution of the model, particle swarm optimization algorithm is utilized because of its fast convergence speed. Tianjin was selected as an example to demonstrate the model. Results indicated that, in the scenario of government promoting electricity substitution, the ratios of energy conversion have been optimized. For instance, in recent years, the shares of outsourced electricity, power to heat, and gas to heat are gradually improved toward the optimization results (31.29%, 16.49%, 13.56%). However, the results also implied that the thermal power generation input-output in thermal power plants (heat to power) should be increased, and the ratio of generation from gas-fired units (gas to power) need to be steadily adjusted. The optimization results provide a good reference for the energy investment strategy.