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Natural color pigments: oxidative stability and degradation kinetics during storage in thermally pasteurized vegetable purees

Sonar, Chandrashekhar R, Rasco, Barbara, Tang, Juming, Sablani, Shyam S
Journal of the science of food and agriculture 2019 v.99 no.13 pp. 5934-5945
anthocyanins, beets, betalains, cabbage, chlorophyll, color, death, foods, oxidative stability, oxygen, pasteurization, peas, refrigeration, storage temperature, vacuum packaging
BACKGROUND: Package oxygen transmission rate (OTR) can affect the stability of natural color pigments such as anthocyanins, betalains and chlorophylls in foods during storage. In the present study, we investigated the oxygen sensitivity of selected pigments in thermally pasteurized vegetable purees held at a refrigeration temperature. We modulated the oxygen ingress in packaging using multilayer films with OTRs of 1, 30 and 81 cm³ m⁻² day⁻¹. Red cabbage, beetroot and pea purees were vacuum packed, pasteurized to achieve a cumulative lethality of P90°C10°C = 12.8–13.4 min and stored at 7 °C for 80 days. RESULTS: Anthocyanins were relatively stable (< 4% losses), regardless of the film OTR. Betalains showed the highest sensitivity to different OTRs, with total losses varying from 4% to 49% at the end of storage and showing significant differences (P < 0.05) among the three films. Chlorophylls showed no significant difference (P > 0.05) in sensitivity to film OTRs. However, continuous degradation of chlorophylls was observed for all film types, with total chlorophyll losses ranging from 33% to 35%. Overall color differences (ΔE) at the end of storage for cabbage, beet and pea puree were between 0.50–1.70, 1.00–4.55 and 7.41–8.08, respectively. Betalains and chlorophylls degradation followed first‐order and fractional conversion kinetics, whereas ΔE followed zero‐order and fractional conversion kinetics during storage. CONCLUSION: All three pigments behaved differently to oxygen ingress during storage. Low to medium barrier films are suitable for products containing red cabbage anthocyanins. High barrier films are must for betalains, whereas medium to high barrier films are suitable for chlorophyll‐containing products. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry