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Interaction specificity of Arabidopsis calcineurin B-like calcium sensors and their target kinases

Kim, K.N., Cheong, Y.H., Gupta, R., Luan, S.
Plant physiology 2000 v.124 no.4 pp. 1844-1853
Arabidopsis thaliana, calcium, amino acid sequences, gene expression, chromosome mapping, genes, phosphotransferases (kinases), enzyme activity, protein composition
Calcium is a critical component in a number of plant signal transduction pathways. A new family of calcium sensors called calcineurin B-like proteins (AtCBLs) have beenrecently identified from Arabidopsis. These calcium sensors have been shown to interact with a family of protein kinases (CIPKs). Here we report that each individual member of AtCBL family specifically interacts with a subset of CIPKs and present structural basis for the interaction and for the specificity underlying these interactions. Although the C-terminal region of CIPKs is responsible for interaction with AtCBLs, the N-terminal region of CIPKs is also involved in determining the specificity of such interaction. We have also shown that all three EF-hand motifs in AtCBL members are required for the interaction with CIPKs. Several AtCBL members failed to interact with any of the CIPKs presented in this study, suggesting that these AtCBL members either have other CIPKs as targets or they target distinct proteins other than CIPKs. These results may provide structural basis for the functional specificity of CBL family of calcium sensors and their targets.