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Uptake, Translocation and Utilization of 15N-Depleted Fertilizer in Irrigated Corn

Author:
Bigeriego, Manuel, Hauck, R. D., Olson, Robert A.
Source:
Soil Science Society of America journal 1979 v.43 no.3 pp. 528-533
ISSN:
0361-5995
Subject:
Zea mays, corn, developmental stages, fertilizer rates, field experimentation, filling period, irrigation, isotopes, leaves, nitrate nitrogen, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nutrient requirements, planting date, soil, stover, summer, total nitrogen, Nebraska
Abstract:
The objective of this study was to derive a better understanding of the manner in which N serves the nutritional needs of corn (Zea mays L.) and thereby afford a basis for improved fertilization practices. Measurements of uptake, translocation and utilization of tagged nitrogen (N) fertilizer in irrigated corn as influenced by time and rate of N application were made in a field experiment at the University of Nebraska Field Laboratory. Plant parts of root, crown, foliage, and eventually ear and grain were taken and analyzed for total N, NO₃⁻-N and isotope ratio at eight growth stages. Application of N at planting resulted in greater vegetative production, but summer sidedressed N effected slightly larger grain production with a higher grain/stover ratio. Isotope ratio analyses revealed significantly greater utilization of fertilizer N in grain production with delayed application due to more active root uptake and translocation of the fertilizer source during the grain filling period. Following harvest, residual mineral N in soil from applied fertilizer was greater with summer sidedressing such that 24% more of the N applied could be accounted for in the crop and soil than with planting time application.
Agid:
6682950