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A novel superoxide dismutase with a high isoelectric point in higher plants. Expression, regulation, and protein localization
- Karpinska, B., Karlsson, M., Schinkel, H., Streller, S., Suss, K.H., Melzer, M., Wingsle, G.
- Plant physiology 2001 v.126 no.4 pp. 1668-1677
- Pinus sylvestris, conifer needles, isoelectric point, superoxide dismutase, gene expression, isozymes, complementary DNA, nucleotide sequences, amino acid sequences, chloroplasts, messenger RNA, cytosol, immunocytochemistry, Golgi apparatus, immunohistochemistry, cell walls, xylem, sclerenchyma, parenchyma, chemical constituents of plants, plasma membrane
- Several isoforms of superoxide dismutase (SOD) with a high isoelectric point (pI) have been identified by isoelectric focusing chromatography in protein extracts from Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) needles. One of these isoforms, a CuZn-SOD with a pI of about 10 and thus denoted hipI-SOD, has been isolated and purified to apparent homogeneity. A cDNA encoding the hipI-SOD protein was cloned and sequenced. Northern hybridization of mRNA isolated from different organs and tissues showed that hipI-SOD has a markedly different pattern of expression compared with chloroplastic and cytosolic SOD. Furthermore, the transcript levels of hipI-SOD and cytosolic SOD were found to respond differently to mechanical wounding, treatment with oxidized glutathione, paraquat, and ozone. Immunogold electron microscopy localized the hipI-SOD in the plasma membrane of sieve cells and the Golgi apparatus of albuminous cells. Moreover, high protein density was also detected in extracellular spaces such as secondary cell wall thickenings of the xylem and sclerenchyma and in intercellular spaces of parenchyma cells.