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Characterization of antisperm antibody binding patterns in relation to sperm phenotypic attributes and field fertility in dairy bulls
- Kuntareddi, C., Kumaresan, A., Saraf, K.K., Nag, P., Paul, N., Kurati, S.P., Selvaraju, S., Jeyakumar, S., Manimaran, A., Ramesha, K.P., Arangasamy, A.
- Theriogenology 2020 v.141 pp. 161-167
- acrosome, antibodies, antigens, calves, conception, crossbreds, cryopreservation, dairy bulls, male fertility, phenotype
- To test our hypothesis that antisperm antibodies (ASA) might alter sperm phenotypic attributes thus leading to sub-fertility/infertility in bulls, ASA were generated in crossbred male calves by immunizing with sperm two times. Cryopreserved spermatozoa from crossbred bulls (n = 24) with different field fertility ratings were incubated with ASA and different patterns of ASA immunolocalization were studied. In addition, sperm membrane integrity, acrosomal integrity and cryo-capacitation status were also assessed. Immunolocalization of sperm antigens using antisperm antibody revealed three major patterns (Acrosomal-AR, apical-AP and, acrosome and tail-AT). The proportion of ASA reactive spermatozoa was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in low- and medium-fertile bulls compared to high-fertile bulls. Among the three patterns, the proportion of spermatozoa with AR pattern was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in low- and medium-fertile bulls compared to high-fertile bulls. The proportion of membrane and acrosome intact spermatozoa was significantly (P < 0.05) higher in high-fertile bulls compared to medium- and low-fertile bulls. There were no significant differences in the proportion of cryo-capacitated spermatozoa among high-, medium- and low-fertile bulls. The relationship between ASA reactive spermatozoa and conception rates (CR) of bulls was highly (P < 0.01) significant and negative. Similarly, AR and AT pattern were also significantly (P < 0.01) and negatively related to CR of bulls. The reactivity of spermatozoa with ASA was also significantly (P < 0.01) and negatively related to the membrane and acrosome integrity of spermatozoa. It was concluded that the proportion of spermatozoa responding to ASA was higher in low-compared to high-fertile bulls and ASA localization in sperm acrosomal area was negatively related to sperm membrane and acrosomal integrity and bull fertility.