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A graphene oxide-gold nanostar hybrid based-paper biosensor for label-free SERS detection of serum bilirubin for diagnosis of jaundice

Pan, Xiang, Li, Linhu, Lin, Hangduo, Tan, Jiayi, Wang, Haitao, Liao, Mengling, Chen, Caiju, Shan, Beibei, Chen, Yingfan, Li, Ming
Biosensors & bioelectronics 2019 v.145 pp. 111713
Raman spectroscopy, adsorption, bilirubin, biosensors, blood serum, detection limit, diazo compounds, electrostatic interactions, fluorescence, gold, graphene, jaundice, kinetics, nanogold
We report a paper-based surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) biosensor integrating the enrichment capability, namely enPSERS biosensor, for the sensitive, label-free detection of free bilirubin in blood serum for the accurate diagnosis of jaundice and its related diseases. This biosensor comprises multifunctional graphene oxide-plasmonic gold nanostar (GO-GNS) hybrids decorated on the filter paper, which integrates the high sensitivity of SERS detection, enrichment for serum bilirubin and fluorescence superquenching capability of GO-GNS hybrids for sensitive detection of serum bilirubin. The study of adsorption kinetics reveals that both electrostatic and π-π interactions between the GO-GNS hybrids and targets are responsible for the enrichment of bilirubin, and the adsorption process follows the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The results of SERS detection of bilirubin in blood serum show two differential linear response ranges from 5.0 to 150 μM and 150–500 μM with the detection limit as low as 0.436 μM. The comparison of the results obtained from our present enPSERS biosensor with the commercial diazo reaction method for determination of free bilirubin in blood serum reveals the clinical effectiveness and suitability of the developed paper-based SERS biosensor. We believe that this sensitive and label-free SERS biosensor holds considerable promise for clinical translation in accurate diagnosis of jaundice.