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Probiotic potential of Lactobacillus on the intestinal microflora against Escherichia coli induced mice model through high-throughput sequencing

Wang, Yaping, Li, Aoyun, Zhang, Lihong, Waqas, Muhammad, Mehmood, Khalid, Iqbal, Mudassar, Muyou, Can, Li, Zhixing, Lian, Yi, Sizhu, Suolang, Li, Jiakui
Microbial pathogenesis 2019 v.137 pp. 103760
Bacteroidetes, Clostridium, Lactobacillus mucosae, Lactobacillus reuteri, Pseudomonas, Streptococcus, Vibrio, animal models, antibacterial properties, bile, body weight, cecum, diarrhea, duodenum, enteroinvasive Escherichia coli, heat, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, ileum, in vitro studies, intestinal microorganisms, mice, pathogens, probiotics, signs and symptoms (animals and humans), yaks
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial potential of Lactobacillus screened from Tibetan yaks on clinical symptoms and intestinal microflora in enteroinvasive Escherichia coli (EIEC) induced mice model. In vitro study, Lactobacillus reuteri (LR1) exhibited stronger resistance to acid and bile and inhibited the growth of EIEC than Lactobacillus mucosae (LM1). The mice were randomly divided into four groups i.e. the LR1 group (LR1 1 × 109 CFU/day), LM1 group (LM1 1 × 109 CFU/day), blank control group and control group. Mice in control, LR1, and LM1 groups were challenged with EIEC on day 23. The body weight in the control and LM1 groups were significantly decreased after the infection with EIEC (P < 0.05), whereas the body weight of mice in the LR1 group did not change significantly (P > 0.05). The lowest diarrhea rate was recorded in the LR1 group after infection with EIEC. The results showed that the number of pathogens in the control group was higher than that in the experimental groups. The sequence analysis and OTU classification showed that the duodenum, ileum, and cecum of mice in the LR1 group had the highest number of OTUs compared with other groups. Whereas, the diversity analysis showed that in duodenum, ileum and cecum of mice in the LR1 group had the highest abundance and diversity. The composition of intestinal microbes indicated the presence of high proportions of Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. Heat map analysis indicated high abundance of Bdello vibrio in the duodenum of mice in the LR1 group, while many pathogens were found in the different part of intestines in the control group, such as Streptococcus, Clostridium and Pseudomonas. In conclusion, pre-supplementation of LR1 alleviate the clinical symptoms caused by E. coli, and promote a healthy gut flora.