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Irrigation and its effect on polyphagous shot hole borer attack

Umeda, Colin, Eatough Jones, Michele, Paine, Timothy
Entomologia experimentalis et applicata 2019 v.167 no.9 pp. 820-825
Acer negundo, Curculionidae, Euwallacea fornicatus, ambrosia beetles, cultural control, irrigation rates, ornamental plants, risk, trees, California
Polyphagous shot hole borer (PSHB), Euwallacea whitfordiodendrus (Schedl) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae), is an ambrosia beetle that has recently invaded southern California, USA. This beetle successfully attacks and reproduces in a multitude of tree species. As direct control methods are limited, we investigated cultural management options, and sought to determine whether irrigation affects the number of attacks host trees experienced. If irrigation plays a role, cultural control methods could be recommended to managers and growers. Three separate experiments were conducted that monitored the number of attacks on trees with different levels of irrigation. Two experiments examined PSHB attacks in established landscape trees where irrigation was either present or absent. A third experiment used young potted box elder with irrigation controlled with timed emitters. In all three experiments, the level of irrigation received by the trees did not affect the number of attacks. The results suggest that changes in irrigation practices do not affect risk from PSHB attack.