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Millimeter-sized Mg–Al-LDH nanoflake impregnated magnetic alginate beads (LDH-n-MABs): a novel bio-based sorbent for the removal of fluoride in water

Gao, Chao, Yu, Xin-Yao, Luo, Tao, Jia, Yong, Sun, Bai, Liu, Jin-Huai, Huang, Xing-Jiu
Journal of materials chemistry A 2014 v.2 no.7 pp. 2119-2128
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, alginates, aqueous solutions, biodegradability, defluoridation, fluorides, groundwater contamination, hydrophilicity, leaching, magnesium, magnetic fields, nanomaterials, pH, temperature
Mg–Al-LDH nanoflake impregnated magnetic alginate beads (LDH-n-MABs) were successfully synthesized and their defluoridation performance was systematically evaluated. Batch experiments showed that the LDH-n-MABs outperformed many other reported adsorbents with higher adsorption capacities. The effects of various limiting factors including pH, contact time, initial fluoride concentration, temperature, and co-existing substances were investigated. XPS and FT-IR measurements evidenced the complex uptake mechanism of fluoride onto the LDH-n-MABs. The advantages of this adsorbent are as follows: (1) Mg–Al-LDH nanoflakes with a higher adsorption capacity for F⁻ were immobilized into alginate beads without leaching, taking the safety issues concerning nanomaterials into consideration; (2) the prepared beads had a high magnetic sensitivity to an external magnetic field providing an easy and efficient way to separate them from aqueous solution; (3) the bio-based sorbents offer advantages such as biodegradability, hydrophilic properties, natural origin and a high abundance. Furthermore, the results from the real fluoride contaminated groundwater study confirmed the feasibility of LDH-n-MABs for fluoride removal.