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Enhanced electrochemical energy storage performance of reduced graphene oxide by incorporating oxygen-rich in-plane pores

Lu, Luhua, Peng, Lifen, Zhan, Chun, You, Wei, Xiao, Shengqiang
Journal of materials chemistry A 2014 v.2 no.6 pp. 1802-1808
capacitance, chemical reduction, electrical conductivity, electrochemistry, electrodes, energy, energy density, graphene, graphene oxide, hydrazine, oxygen
To effectively enhance the electrochemical energy storage performance of graphene-based materials, oxygen-rich in-plane pores were incorporated into graphene backbones through sonochemical etching of graphene oxide (GO) and sequential chemical reduction treatment. The etching of GO produced a large amount of in-plane nanoscale pores with a high content of oxygen atoms. The hydrazine reduction treatment of etched GO (EGO) resulted in a porous basal plane with good electrical conductivity and preserved electrochemically active oxygen atoms. It is found that good conductivity and in-plane nanoscale pores of reduced EGO (REGO) with enriched electrochemically active oxygen groups synergistically reinforce the electric double-layer capacitance (EDLC) and the pseudocapacitance performance over a wide power density range. Electrodes using REGO demonstrated a maximum energy density of 47 W h kg⁻¹, which is almost three times that of reduced graphene oxide (RGO) without etching treatment, while simultaneously displaying a high power density of up to 100 kW kg⁻¹ with considerable energy density.