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Static and dynamic photoluminescence and photocatalytic properties of uniform, monodispersed up/down-converting, highly luminescent, lanthanide-ion-doped β-NaYF₄ phosphor microcrystals with controlled multiform morphologies

Padhye, Preeti, Poddar, Pankaj
Journal of materials chemistry A 2014 v.2 no.45 pp. 19189-19200
cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, crystals, irradiation, methylene blue, photocatalysis, photoluminescence, solar radiation, terbium
Lanthanide-ion-doped, single-crystalline hexagonal phase NaYF₄ microcrystals with multiform morphologies, such as microrods, hexagonal microprisms, and spindle-like structures, were fabricated via a cationic/anionic binary capping agent system: CTAB and a tri-sodium citrate-assisted hydrothermal route. The influence of synthesis conditions on the crystalline morphology was studied and the possible growth mechanisms are presented systematically. The down-conversion and up-conversion photoluminescence (PL) properties of β-NaYF₄:Ln³⁺ (Ln = Tb, Yb/Er, and Yb/Tm) were investigated. The static and dynamic PL studies of β-NaYF₄:5% Tb³⁺ showed strong dependence of luminescent properties on the crystalline morphology. Furthermore, the β-NaYF₄:5% Tb³⁺ phosphors exhibited efficient photocatalytic activity under UV as well as solar light irradiation, and showed enhanced selectivity towards methylene blue. Moreover, the morphological effect on the photocatalytic activity of β-NaYF₄:5% Tb³⁺ crystals has also been studied. The high luminescence efficiency and strong photocatalytic activity of β-NaYF₄:5% Tb³⁺ make them a potential phosphor material and promise to provide a gateway into other applications as in biology and materials sciences.