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Arabidopsis UVR8 regulates ultraviolet-B signal transduction and tolerance and contains sequence similarity to human regulator of chromatin condensation 1

Kliebenstein, D.J., Lim, J.E., Landry, L.G., Last, R.L.
Plant physiology 2002 v.130 no.1 pp. 234-243
Arabidopsis thaliana, plant proteins, recessive genes, chromosomes, chromosome mapping, open reading frames, alleles, flavonoids, messenger RNA, biosynthesis, plant morphology, ultraviolet radiation, phenylpropanoids, nucleotide sequences, chemical constituents of plants, mutation, pathogenesis-related proteins, genetic complementation, naringenin-chalcone synthase
To further our understanding of how plants defend against the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) light, we characterized an Arabidopsis mutant hypersensitive to UV-B. This mutant, UV resistance locus 8-1 (uvr8-1), contains a single recessive mutation at the bottom of chromosome 5. Fine-scale mapping localized uvr8-1 to a 21-kb locus containing five predicted open reading frames. Sequencing of this entire region revealed that the uvr8-1 allele contains a 15-nucleotide deletion in a gene similar to the human guanine nucleotide exchange factor regulator of chromatin condensation 1. This mutation reduces the UV-B-mediated induction of flavonoids and blocks chalcone synthase mRNA and protein induction. In contrast, uvr8-1 has enhanced induction of PR1 and PR5 proteins in response to UV-B, an indication of increased UV-B injury. These results suggest that UVR8 acts in a UV-B signal transduction pathway leading to induction of flavonoid biosynthesis.