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Prevalence and characteristics of methicillin-resistant staphylococci in goats on the island of Tenerife, Spain

Abreu, Rossana, Rodríguez-Álvarez, Cristobalina, Lecuona, María, Castro-Hernández, Beatriz, González, Juan Carlos, Aguirre-Jaime, Armando, Arias, Ángeles
Acta veterinaria Hungarica 2019 v.67 no.3 pp. 317-326
antibiotic resistance, coagulase negative staphylococci, control methods, epidemiological studies, erythromycin, farms, food chain, fosfomycin, goats, linezolid, methicillin, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, monitoring, multilocus sequence typing, phenotype, rifampicin, vancomycin, Spain
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus (MRS) in healthy goats on the Island of Tenerife, Spain, as well as to identify the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of the strains found. A cross-sectional prevalence study was conducted. A total of 158 goats from 15 different farms were sampled between September 2017 and January 2018. The percentage of positive samples of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was 15.8% (25/158) and that of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative staphylococci (MRCoNS) was 6.9% (11/158). All MRSA isolates from goats belonged to one clonal group showing Multi-Locus Sequence type 398. All strains studied (n = 36) were resistant to non-carbapenem beta-lactam antibiotics and susceptible to teicoplanin, linezolid, vancomycin, rifampicin, quinupristin-dalfospristin and mupirocine. In MRSA isolates, the highest percentage of resistance obtained, besides beta-lactam non-carbapenem antibiotics, was to trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole and, in the case of MRCoNS isolates, to phosphomycin and erythromycin. A total of 12 resistance patterns were obtained, presenting differences between patterns obtained for MRSA and MRCoNS, with 7 different patterns for MRSA and 5 for MRCoNS. We therefore consider it essential to expand the epidemiological study of these strains of animal origin, as well as to increase surveillance and control measures at all stages of the food chain.