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Haematological and biochemical profiles during the puerperium in dairy cows – Short communication

Paiano, Renan B., Lahr, Fábio C., Silva, Lucas S. B., Marques, Diego S., Ferreira, Catia A., Birgel, Daniela B., Bisinotto, Rafael S., Birgel Junior, Eduardo H.
Acta veterinaria Hungarica 2019 v.67 no.3 pp. 377-384
3-hydroxybutyric acid, Holstein, albumins, anemia, bilirubin, blood platelet count, blood sampling, blood serum, calcium, cholesterol, dairy cows, dairy herds, energy balance, erythrocyte count, erythrocytes, fibrinogen, free fatty acids, globulins, hematocrit, hemoglobin, leukocytes, milk production, postpartum period, Brazil
The main aim of the current study was to assess the prevalence of anaemia in Holstein dairy cows during the puerperium, and the haematological and biochemical profile of dairy cows with and without anaemia. The study was conducted in seven dairy herds in São Paulo State, Brazil. The evaluated sample comprised a total of 336 Holstein cows. Blood samples were collected at postpartum day 25 ± 3. Haematological analysis included white blood cell, red blood cell and platelet count, haematocrit value, haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular haemoglobin and mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration. The biochemical profile encompassed cholesterol, non-esterified fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate, albumin, globulin, fibrinogen, calcium and total bilirubin concentrations. The prevalence of anaemia was 16.3% in all herds, and this was not affected by clinical diseases, milk production, parity and body score condition. Moreover, anaemic cows had lower red blood cell count, haematocrit, haemoglobin, serum cholesterol and calcium concentrations and higher white blood cell and platelet counts, mean corpuscular haemoglobin, red cell distribution width, non-esterified fatty acids, β-hydroxybutyrate, fibrinogen and globulin concentrations when compared with non-anaemic cows. The results indicate changes in energy balance and an inflammatory process in anaemic cows.