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First detection of heat shock protein 60 and 70 in the serum of early pregnant bitches
- Schäfer-Somi, Sabine, Aksoy, Okan Ali, Ergene, Osman, Darbaz, Isfendiyar, Herkner, Kurt R., Aslan, Selim
- Acta veterinaria Hungarica 2019 v.67 no.3 pp. 445-455
- Western blotting, apoptosis, autophagy, bitches, blood serum, diestrus, electrophoresis, heat shock proteins, humans, parturition, placenta, pregnancy, pregnant women, puppies, ultrasonography
- Heat shock proteins (HSPs) belong to a group of cellular stress proteins. Heat shock protein 10 immunoregulates and promotes growth during early gestation in humans, while HSP70 is considered to regulate autophagy and apoptosis during pregnancy and parturition. Both HSPs are detectable in the serum and placentas of early pregnant women and considered to contribute to the establishment of pregnancy. Within this pilot study we aimed (1) to assess whether HSPs 10, 60 and 70 are measurable in the serum of healthy early pregnant and non-pregnant bitches, and (2) to explore whether measurable differences between groups indicate pregnancy. Blood was collected from 31 bitches on days 7, 14 and 21 after mating. At 21 days post mating, all bitches were examined for pregnancy by ultrasonography; 23 were pregnant, and the eight non-pregnant bitches served as controls. Pregnant bitches had normal parturitions and gave birth to healthy puppies. The serum concentrations of HSPs 10, 60 and 70 were measured by electrophoresis and western blot. Serum HSP10 was not detectable. Average serum HSP70 concentration was significantly (d7, P = 0.030; d14, P = 0.023; d21, P = 0.030) lower in pregnant animals at all days investigated, while serum HSP60 was significantly lower at day 21 of gestation (P = 0.024) when compared to the controls. HSP 60 and HSP70 concentrations correlated positively (d7, r = +0.386, P = 0.021; d14, r = 0.450, P = 0.008; d21, r = +0.472, P = 0.006). We conclude that in pregnant bitches, serum concentrations of HSP60 and HSP70 are significantly decreased between days 7 and 21 of gestation, in comparison to non-pregnant bitches in early dioestrus, raising the question about intrauterine functions during the peri-implantation period.