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Metagenomic analysis of relationships between the denitrification process and carbon metabolism in a bioaugmented full-scale tannery wastewater treatment plant

Emmanuel, S. Aalfin, Sul, Woo Jun, Seong, Hoon Je, Rhee, Chaeyoung, Ekpheghere, Kalu I., Kim, In-Soo, Kim, Hong-Gi, Koh, Sung-Cheol
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2019 v.35 no.10 pp. 149
3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase, Brachymonas denitrificans, NAD (coenzyme), acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, aeration, amino acids, carbon metabolism, carboxylesterase, denitrification, denitrifying microorganisms, fatty acids, genes, glutamate dehydrogenase, isomerases, metagenomics, microbial communities, nitrates, phenylacetic acid, phospholipases, pyridoxal phosphate, sludge, tanneries, tricarboxylic acid cycle, tryptophan synthase, wastewater treatment
The goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between the denitrification process and carbon metabolism in a full-scale tannery wastewater treatment plant bioaugmented with the microbial consortium BM-S-1. The metagenomic analysis of the microbial community showed that Brachymonas denitrificans, a known denitrifier, was present at a high level in the treatment stages of buffering (B), primary aeration (PA), and sludge digestion (SD). The occurrences of the amino acid-degrading enzymes alpha ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (α-KGDH) and tryptophan synthase were highly correlated with the presence of denitrification genes, such as napA, narG, nosZ and norB. The occurrence of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) was also highly paralleled with the occurrence of denitrification genes such as napA, narG, and norZ. The denitrification genes (nosZ, narG, napA, norB and nrfA) and amino acid degradation enzymes (tryptophan synthase, α-KGDH and pyridoxal phosphate dependent enzymes) were observed at high levels in B. This indicates that degradation of amino acids and denitrification of nitrate may potentially occur in B. The high concentrations of the fatty acid degradation enzyme groups (enoyl-CoA hydratase, 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase and β-ketothiolase) were observed together with the denitrification genes, such as napA, narG and nosZ. Phospholipase/carboxylesterase, enoyl-CoA hydratase/isomerase, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, phenylacetate degradation enzyme and 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase 2 were also dominant in B. All these results clearly indicate that the denitrification pathways are potentially linked to the degradation pathways of amino acids and fatty acids whose degradation products go through the TCA cycle, generating the NADH that is used as electron donors for denitrification.