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Surface modified of polyacrylonitrile nanofibers by TiO2/MWCNT for photodegradation of organic dyes and pharmaceutical drugs under visible light irradiation

Khalil, Alaa, Nasser, Walaa S., Osman, T.A., Toprak, Muhammet S., Muhammed, Mamoun, Uheida, Abdusalam
Environmental research 2019
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, carbon nanotubes, catalysts, ibuprofen, indigo carmine, irradiation, methylene blue, models, nanofibers, nanoparticles, pH, photocatalysis, photoluminescence, photolysis, pollutants, polyacrylonitrile, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetry, titanium dioxide, transmission electron microscopy
This work describes the fabrication of two composite nanofibers systems containing polyacrylonitrile polymer (PAN), Multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and Titania (TiO2) nanoparticles. Photodegradation experiments were performed to study the effect of various parameters including pH, catalyst dose, pollutant concentration and reaction time for three model compounds, methylene blue (MB), indigo carmine (IC), and ibuprofen (IBU) under visible light. Morphology and structure of the modified composite nanofibers were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, Raman spectra, and X-ray Photoelectron Spectra (XPS) analyses. The photocatalytic performance was achieved in a rather short time visible light (<30 min) and under low power intensity (125 W) compared to earlier reports. Kinetics data fitted well using pseudo-first order model to describe the mechanism of photocatalytic degradation processes. The stability and flexibility of the fabricated composite nanofibers allow their application in a continuous flow system and their re-use after several cycles.