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Optimization and validation of in-situ derivatization and headspace solid-phase microextraction for gas chromatography–mass spectrometry analysis of 3-MCPD esters, 2-MCPD esters and glycidyl esters in edible oils via central composite design
- Xu, Minwei, Jin, Zhao, Yang, Zhongyu, Rao, Jiajia, Chen, Bingcan
- Food chemistry 2019
- alpha-chlorohydrin, cooking fats and oils, derivatization, detection limit, fatty acid esters, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, headspace analysis, liquids, solid phase microextraction, standard deviation, temperature
- This study aimed to develop a headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (HS–SPME–GC–MS) method for the quantification of 3-monochloropropane-1,2-diol fatty acid esters (3-MCPDEs) and 2-monochloropropane-1,3-diol fatty acid esters (2-MCPDEs), and semi-quantification of glycidyl fatty acid esters (GEs) in edible oils. A central composite design was implemented to optimize the derivatization temperature and extraction time, which were 100 °C and 80 min, respectively. HS–SPME coupled with in-situ derivatization was more straightforward (three steps) and sensitive, with a limit of detection of 16% (3.9 µg/L) and 11% (5.3 µg/L) higher than that of liquid injection method, for 3-MCPD and 2-MCPD, respectively. The recoveries of 3-MCPD and 2-MCPD were in the range of 91.1% to 102.1%, with a relative standard deviation ranging from 0.08 to 9.29%. The validated methodology was successfully applied to oil samples. Further efforts will focus on shortening the extraction time, as 80 min is relatively long.