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Identification of common vaginal Lactobacilli immunoreactive proteins by immunoproteomic techniques

Tooli, Leila Farhady, Shirzad, Mahdieh, Modarressi, Mohammad Hossein, Mirtavoos-Mahyari, Hanifeh, Amoozegar, Mohammad Ali, Hantoushzadeh, Sedigheh, Motevaseli, Elahe
World journal of microbiology & biotechnology 2019 v.35 no.10 pp. 161
Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus gasseri, Western blotting, adjuvants, antibodies, bioinformatics, blood serum, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, epitopes, exopolysaccharides, immune response, immune system, immunoglobulins, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization mass spectrometry, polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, premenopause, probiotics, ribosomal proteins, vaccines, women
Lactobacilli are considered as the most important microorganisms in regulating immune system and maintaining vaginal health. The uses and benefits of Lactobacilli as probiotics, particularly the regulation of immune system, are dependent on the strain used and a comprehensive understanding of their effects on the host. Several factors have been identified in Lactobacilli that influence the immune response, such as exopolysaccharides and proteins. The current study was designed to investigate the serum immunoreactivity of healthy women against common vaginal Lactobacilli immunoreactive proteins. Three common vaginal Lactobacillus strains (L. crispatus L1, L. gasseri L9, and L. fermentum L2) were compared for immune response. The ELISA results showed that the levels of total immunoglobulin (Ig-total) antibody for L. crispatus L1, L. fermentum L2, and L. gasseri L9 were 47%, 45% and 29%, respectively. Regarding the lower prevalence of L. fermentum L2 in comparison with the other two strains, the approximately equal levels of Ig-total compared to L. crispatus L1 and more than L. gasseri L9 indicate that L. fermentum L2 has the greater antigenicity ability. Accordingly, the immunoreactive proteins of L. fermentum L2 were identified using MALDI–TOF–MS detected by SDS-PAGE and Western blotting. These proteins included 30s ribosomal protein S4 and 50s ribosomal protein L5. Antigenic epitopes on the 3D structure of these proteins was also predicted using bioinformatics analysis. The presence of antibody in serum of healthy pre-menopausal women indicates that Lactobacilli (normal flora) proteins can stimulate host immune response. Purification and further studies of the proteins may allow their potential use as an adjuvant to improve the efficacy of vaccines.