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Division of the generative nucleus in cultured pollen tubes of the Bromeliaceae

Vervaeke, I., Delen, R., Wouters, J., Deroose, R., Proft, M.P. de
Plant cell, tissue, and organ culture 2004 v.76 no.1 pp. 17-28
Bromeliaceae, Aechmea fasciata, Guzmania, Tillandsia, pollen tubes, pollen germination, organ culture, micropropagation, cell nucleus, culture media, amino acids, arginine
Pollen germination, division of the generative nucleus and position of the generative nucleus in the pollen tube during in vitro germination were examined for six bromeliad cultivars. The influence of mixed amino acids (casein hydrolysate) and individual amino acids (Arg, Asn, Asp, Glu, Gly, Met, Phe, Orn, Tyr) were tested. Aechmea fasciata and A. chantinii pollen tubes showed more generative nuclear division in cultured pollen tubes than the other four cultivars tested. Casein hydrolysate did not stimulate generative nuclear division. In general arginine (1 mM) improved division of the Aechmea generative nucleus and to a lesser extent this of Vriesea 'Christiane', Guzmania lingulata and Tillandsia cyanea. A concentration of 2 mM arginine reduced pollen tube growth of Aechmea. The vegetative nucleus was ahead of the generative nucleus in approximately 50% of the pollen tubes of all cultivars studied. In about 25% of the pollen tubes, the generative nucleus was ahead and in ±25% pollen tubes the vegetative and generative nuclei were joined together. The distance between the two generative nuclei and the distance from the generative nuclei to the pollen tube tip differed significantly for Aechmea fasciata and A. chantinii. The influence of different amino acids for Aechmea fasciata and A. chantinii varied with respect to pollen germination and generative nuclear division. Arg and Met improved nuclear division of both Aechmea cultivars. Pollen germination and sperm cell production were not linked. This information is important to ameliorate in vitro pollination methods used to overcome fertilization barriers in Bromeliaceae and other higher plants.