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Biotechnological potential of a cysteine protease (CpCP3) from Calotropis procera latex for cheesemaking

Silva, Maria Z.R., Oliveira, João P.B., Ramos, Márcio V., Farias, Davi F., de Sá, Chayenne A., Ribeiro, Juliana A.C., Silva, Ayrles F.B., de Sousa, Jeanlex S., Zambelli, Rafael A., da Silva, Ana C., Furtado, Gilvan P., Grangeiro, Thalles B., Vasconcelos, Mirele S., Silveira, Sandro R., Freitas, Cleverson D.T.
Food chemistry 2019
Calotropis procera, Danio rerio, Escherichia coli, allergenicity, atomic force microscopy, cattle, cheesemaking, cheeses, chymosin, cysteine proteinases, embryo (animal), kappa-casein, latex, metal ions, micelles, peptides, sensory evaluation, water content
This article reports the characterization and evaluation of the biotechnological potential of a cysteine protease purified from Calotropis procera (CpCP3). This enzyme was highly stable to different metal ions and was able to hydrolyze κ-casein similarly to bovine chymosin. Atomic force microscopy showed that the process of casein micelle aggregation induced by CpCP3 was similar to that caused by chymosin. The cheeses made using CpCP3 showed higher moisture content than those made with chymosin, but protein, fat, and ash were similar. The sensory analysis showed that cheeses made with CpCP3 had high acceptance index (>80%). In silico analysis predicted the presence of only two short allergenic peptides on the surface of CpCP3, which was highly susceptible to digestive enzymes and did not alter zebrafish embryos’ morphology and development. Moreover, recombinant CpCP3 was expressed in Escherichia coli. All results support the biotechnological potential of CpCP3 as an alternative enzyme to chymosin.