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Pharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid and oxytetracycline in kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus
- Uno, K.
- Aquaculture 2004 v.230 no.1-4 pp. 1-11
- Marsupenaeus japonicus, shrimp, farmed fish, crustacean culture, pharmacokinetics, oxolinic acid, oxytetracycline, bioavailability, oral administration, drug delivery systems, hemolymph, water temperature, weight, dosage, in vivo studies, protein binding, equations, models, Japan
- The pharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid and oxytetracycline were examined in kuruma shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) after intra-sinus (10 and 25 mg/kg, respectively) and oral (50 mg/kg) administration. The shrimp were kept in tanks with recirculated artificial seawater at a salinity of 22-23 ppt. The water temperature was maintained at 25±0.6 °C. The hemolymph concentrations of both drugs after intra-sinus dosing were best described by a two-compartment open model. The distribution and elimination half-lives (t1/2α and t1/2β) were found to be 0.59 and 33.2 h for oxolinic acid and 0.45 and 24.7 h for oxytetracycline, respectively. The apparent volume of distribution at a steady state (Vss) and total body clearance (CLb) were estimated to be 1309 ml/kg and 28.8 ml/kg/h for oxolinic acid and 748 ml/kg and 22.7 ml/kg/h, respectively. The hemolymph concentration¡time curves after oral administration did not fit by the nonlinear least squares method using one- and two-compartment model with first-order absorption in either of the drugs. The peak hemolymph concentration (Cmax), the time to peak hemolymph concentration (tmax) and the elimination half-life were found to be 17.8 microgram/ml, 7 h and 34.3 h for oxolinic acid and 24.3 microgram /ml, 10 h and 33.6 h for oxytetracycline, respectively. The bioavailability (F) after oral administration was 32.9% for oxolinic acid and 43.2% for oxytetracycline. The hemolymph protein binding in vivo was determined to be 36.7±8.5% for oxolinic acid and 22.9±4.8% for oxytetracycline.