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Pharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid and oxytetracycline in kuruma shrimp, Penaeus japonicus

Uno, K.
Aquaculture 2004 v.230 no.1-4 pp. 1-11
Marsupenaeus japonicus, shrimp, farmed fish, crustacean culture, pharmacokinetics, oxolinic acid, oxytetracycline, bioavailability, oral administration, drug delivery systems, hemolymph, water temperature, weight, dosage, in vivo studies, protein binding, equations, models, Japan
The pharmacokinetics of oxolinic acid and oxytetracycline were examined in kuruma shrimp (Penaeus japonicus) after intra-sinus (10 and 25 mg/kg, respectively) and oral (50 mg/kg) administration. The shrimp were kept in tanks with recirculated artificial seawater at a salinity of 22-23 ppt. The water temperature was maintained at 25±0.6 °C. The hemolymph concentrations of both drugs after intra-sinus dosing were best described by a two-compartment open model. The distribution and elimination half-lives (t1/2α and t1/2β) were found to be 0.59 and 33.2 h for oxolinic acid and 0.45 and 24.7 h for oxytetracycline, respectively. The apparent volume of distribution at a steady state (Vss) and total body clearance (CLb) were estimated to be 1309 ml/kg and 28.8 ml/kg/h for oxolinic acid and 748 ml/kg and 22.7 ml/kg/h, respectively. The hemolymph concentration¡time curves after oral administration did not fit by the nonlinear least squares method using one- and two-compartment model with first-order absorption in either of the drugs. The peak hemolymph concentration (Cmax), the time to peak hemolymph concentration (tmax) and the elimination half-life were found to be 17.8 microgram/ml, 7 h and 34.3 h for oxolinic acid and 24.3 microgram /ml, 10 h and 33.6 h for oxytetracycline, respectively. The bioavailability (F) after oral administration was 32.9% for oxolinic acid and 43.2% for oxytetracycline. The hemolymph protein binding in vivo was determined to be 36.7±8.5% for oxolinic acid and 22.9±4.8% for oxytetracycline.