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Effects of diets with different energy and bile acids levels on growth performance and lipid metabolism in broilers

Author:
Ge, X K, Wang, A A, Ying, Z X, Zhang, L G, Su, W P, Cheng, K, Feng, C C, Zhou, Y M, Zhang, L L, Wang, T
Source:
Poultry science 2019 v.98 no.2 pp. 887-895
ISSN:
1525-3171
Subject:
abdominal fat, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, bile acids, blood serum, body weight, breast muscle, broiler chickens, carcass quality, carnitine palmitoyltransferase, energy, fatty-acid synthase, genes, growth performance, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, high energy diet, lipid metabolism, lipoprotein lipase, liver, transcription factors, triacylglycerols
Abstract:
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of bile acids (BAs) on the growth performance and lipid metabolism of broilers fed with different energy level diets. 480 one-day-old Arbor Acres broilers (45.01 ± 0.26 g) were allotted to a 2 × 2 factorial design with 2 levels of energy (basal or high-energy level) and 2 levels of BAs (with or without BAs supplementation), resulting in 4 groups of 8 replicates; the experiment lasted 42 d. High-energy diets decreased the feed/gain ratio (F/G) from 1 to 21 d (P < 0.05), and increased the liver index and abdominal fat percentage at 42 d (P < 0.05). The serum total triglyceride (TG) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol at 42 d were increased by high-energy diets (P < 0.05), while the hepatic lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity at 21 and 42 d was decreased (P < 0.05). BAs supplementation increased the body weight at 21 d and decreased the F/G during entire period (P < 0.05), as well as improved the carcass quality reflected by decreased abdominal fat percentage at 42 d and increased breast muscle percentage at 21 and 42 d (P < 0.05). The serum TG at 21 and 42 d were decreased by BAs (P < 0.05), and the hepatic LPL activity at 42 d was increased (P < 0.05). In addition, high-energy diets increased the expression of sterol regulatory element binding transcription factor 1, acetyl-CoA carboxylase, and fatty acid synthase (P < 0.05), while BAs diets decreased these genes expression (P < 0.05). Moreover, BAs supplementation also increased the expression of carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 (P < 0.05), which was increased in high-energy groups (P < 0.05). In conclusion, BAs supplementation could increase growth performance, elevate carcass quality, and improve lipid metabolism in broilers.
Agid:
6738190