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A Comparative Study of Three Detection Techniques for Leifsonia xyli Subsp. xyli, the Causal Pathogen of Sugarcane Ratoon Stunting Disease Subsp. the Causal Pathogen of Sugarcane Ratoon

Qibin Wu, Yong-Bao Pan, Dinggang Zhou, Michael Grisham P., Shiwu Gao, Yachun Su, Jinlong Guo, Liping Xu, Youxiong Que
BioMed research international 2018 v.2018 no. pp. -
DNA primers, Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli, Saccharum, comparative study, detection limit, disease detection, loop-mediated isothermal amplification, microbial detection, plant pathogenic bacteria, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, ratoon stunting disease, stems, sugarcane juice
The ratoon stunting disease (RSD), caused by the bacterium Leifsonia xyli subsp. xyli (Lxx), is one of the most economically devastating diseases impacting sugarcane. RSD causes significant yield losses and variety degradation. Diagnosis of RSD is challenging because it does not exhibit any discernible internal and external symptoms. Moreover, the Lxx bacteria are very small and difficult to isolate, cultivate, and detect. In this study, conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR), real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), and Lxx-loop-mediated isothermal amplification (Lxx-LAMP) were utilized to specifically detect the presence of Lxx pathogens in the juice from Lxx-infected sugarcane stalks and an Lxx-pMD18-T recombinant plasmid. The results showed that Lxx was a highly specific causal pathogen for RSD. All three techniques provided great reproducibility, while Lxx-LAMP had the highest sensitivity. When the DNA extract from Lxx-infected sugarcane juice was used as a template, Lxx-LAMP was 10 and 100 times more sensitive than RT-qPCR and conventional PCR, respectively. When the Lxx-pMD18-T recombinant plasmid was used as a template, Lxx-LAMP was as sensitive as RT-qPCR but was 10 times more sensitive than conventional PCR. Based on the Lxx-LAMP detection system established, adding 0.4 ?Mloop primers (LF/LP) can accelerate the reaction and reduce the total time required. In addition, the optimal amount of Bst DNA polymerase for Lxx-LAMP reactions was determined to be 6.0 U. The results provide technical support for the detection of RSD Lxx pathogen that will help manage sugarcane RSD.