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A study on the effects of increment and decrement repeated fed-batch feeding of glucose on the production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] by a newly engineered Cupriavidus necator NSDG-GG mutant in batch fill-and-draw fermentation

Author:
Biglari, Nazila, Orita, Izumi, Fukui, Toshiaki, Sudesh, Kumar
Source:
Journal of biotechnology 2020 v.307 pp. 77-86
ISSN:
0168-1656
Subject:
Cupriavidus necator, biomass, bioreactors, fermentation, glucose, mutants, poly-3-hydroxybutyrate, urea
Abstract:
This study investigates the effect of strategies on poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] production in bioreactor. In the production of P(3HB), urea and glucose feeding streams were developed to characterize the fed-batch culture conditions for new Cupriavidus necator NSDG-GG mutant. Feeding urea in repeated fed-batch stage (RFB-I) at 6, and 12 h in cultivation led to insignificant kinetic effect on the cell dry mass (CDM) and P(3HB) accumulation. Feeding glucose in repeated fed-batch stage (RFB-II) demonstrated that the incremental feeding approach of glucose after urea in fill-and-draw (F/D) mode at 24, 30, 36, 42, and 48 h in fermentation increased CDM and P(3HB) concentration. In the 1st cycle in RFB-II, the cumulative CDM reached the value of 26.22 g/L and then it increased with the successive repeated fed-batches to attain biomass of 145 g/L at the end of 5th cycle of RFB-II. The final cumulative P(3HB) concentration at the end of 5th cycle of RFB-II reached 111 g/L with the overall yield of 0.50 g P(3HB) g gluc− 1; the CDM productivity from the RFB-II cycles was in the range of 0.84–1.3 g/(L·h). The RFB-II of glucose in an increment mode produced nearly 2.2 times more increase in CDM and P(3HB) productivities compared to the decrement RFB-II mode. Repeated cultivation had also the advantage of avoiding extra time required for innoculum preparation, and sterilization of bioreactor during batch, thereby it increased the overall industrial importance of the process.
Agid:
6748529