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Photoluminescent functionalized carbon quantum dots loaded electroactive Silk fibroin/PLA nanofibrous bioactive scaffolds for cardiac tissue engineering
- Yan, Chengyun, Ren, Yuexia, Sun, Xiaoyu, Jin, Limin, Liu, Xiaoli, Chen, Huiling, Wang, Kangjun, Yu, Man, Zhao, Yonghui
- Journal of photochemistry and photobiology 2020 v.202 pp. 111680
- assets, biochemical pathways, carbon quantum dots, cardiomyocytes, fibroins, genes, myocardial infarction, nanofibers, nursing care, photoluminescence, rats, stem cells, tissue engineering, viability
- Tissue engineering and stem cell rehabilitation are the hopeful aspects that are being investigated for the management of Myocardial Infarction (MI); cardiac patches have been used to start myocardial rejuvenation. In this study, we engineered p-phenylenediamine surface functionalized (modif-CQD) into the Silk fibroin/PLA (SF/PLA) nanofibrous bioactive scaffolds with improved physico-chemical abilities, mechanical and cytocompatibility to cardiomyocytes. The micrograph results visualized the morphological improved spherical modif-CQD have been equivalently spread throughout the SF/PLA bioactive cardiac scaffolds. The fabricated CQD@SF/PLA nanofibrous bioactive scaffolds were highly porous with fully consistent pores; effectively improved young modulus and swelling asset for the suitability and effective implantation efficacy. The scaffolds were prepared with rat cardiomyocytes and cultured for up to 7 days, without electrical incentive. After 7 days of culture, the scaffold pores all over the construct volume were overflowing with cardiomyocytes. The metabolic activity and viability of the cardiomyocytes in CQD@SF/PLA scaffolds were significantly higher than cardiomyocytes in Silk fibroin /PLA scaffolds. The integration of CQD also influenced greatly and increases the expression of cardiac-marker genes. The results of the present investigations evidently recommended that well-organized cardiac nanofibrous scaffold with greater cardiac related mechanical abilities and biocompatibilities for cardiac tissue engineering and nursing care applications.