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Structured analysis of the high-dimensional FMR model

Liu, Mengque, Zhang, Qingzhao, Fang, Kuangnan, Ma, Shuangge
Computational statistics & data analysis 2020 v.144 pp. 106883
gene expression, models, neoplasms
The finite mixture of regression (FMR) model is a popular tool for accommodating data heterogeneity. In the analysis of FMR models with high-dimensional covariates, it is necessary to conduct regularized estimation and identify important covariates rather than noises. In the literature, there has been a lack of attention paid to the differences among important covariates, which can lead to the underlying structure of covariate effects. Specifically, important covariates can be classified into two types: those that behave the same in different subpopulations and those that behave differently. It is of interest to conduct structured analysis to identify such structures, which will enable researchers to better understand covariates and their associations with outcomes. Specifically, the FMR model with high-dimensional covariates is considered. A structured penalization approach is developed for regularized estimation, selection of important variables, and, equally importantly, identification of the underlying covariate effect structure. The proposed approach can be effectively realized, and its statistical properties are rigorously established. Simulation demonstrates its superiority over alternatives. In the analysis of cancer gene expression data, interesting models/structures missed by the existing analysis are identified.