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Microcystin-LR-induced changes of hepatopancreatic transcriptome, intestinal microbiota, and histopathology of freshwater crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)
- Zhang, Yu, Li, Zheyu, Kholodkevich, Sergey, Sharov, Andrey, Feng, Yujie, Ren, Nanqi, Sun, Kai
- The Science of the total environment 2020 v.711 pp. 134549
- Firmicutes, Procambarus clarkii, Verrucomicrobia, freshwater crayfish, galactose, gene expression regulation, genes, hepatopancreas, histology, histopathology, intestinal microorganisms, intestines, messenger RNA, metabolism, microcystin-LR, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, toxicity, transcriptome, vitamin B12
- As a hepatotoxin, microcystin-LR (MC-LR) poses a great threat to aquatic organisms. In this research, the hepatopancreatic transcriptome, intestinal microbiota, and histopathology of Procambarus clarkii (P. clarkii) in response to acute MC-LR exposure were studied. RNA-seq analysis of hepatopancreas identified 372 and 781 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) after treatment with 10 and 40 μg/L MC-LR, respectively. Among the DEGs, 23 genes were immune-related and 21 genes were redox-related. GO functional enrichment analysis revealed that MC-LR could impact nuclear-transcribed mRNA catabolic process, cobalamin- and heme-related processes, and sirohydrochlorin cobaltochelatase activity of P. clarkii. In addition, the only significantly enriched KEGG pathway induced by MC-LR was galactose metabolism pathway. Meanwhile, sequencing of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene demonstrated that MC-LR decreased bacterial richness and diversity, and altered the intestinal microbiota composition. At the phylum level, after 96 h, the abundance of Verrucomicrobia decreased after treatment with 10 and 40 μg/L MC-LR, while Firmicutes increased in the 40 μg/L MC-LR-treated group. At the genus level, the abundances of 15 genera were significantly altered after exposure to MC-LR. Our research demonstrated that MC-LR exposure caused histological alterations such as structural damage of hepatopancreas and intestines. This research provides an insight into the mechanisms associated with MC-LR toxicity in aquatic crustaceans.