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Expanding the understanding of the heterogeneous nature of melanoma with bioinformatics and disorder-based proteomics

Djulbegovic, Mak B., Uversky, Vladimir N.
International journal of biological macromolecules 2020 v.150 pp. 1281-1293
bioinformatics, drugs, genetic heterogeneity, melanoma, precision medicine, proteins, proteomics, risk
The past few decades show that incidences of melanoma are on the rise. The risk associated with this disease is an interplay between genetic and host factors and sun exposure. While scientific progress in the treatment of melanoma is remarkable, additional research is needed to improve patient outcomes and to better understand the heterogenous nature of this disease. Fortunately, as the clinical community enters the era of “big data” and personalized medicine, the rise of bioinformatics that stems from recent advances in high throughout profiling of biological information offers potential for innovative treatment options. This study aims to provide an example of the usefulness of bioinformatics and disorder-based proteomics to identify the molecular pathway in melanoma, garner information on selected proteins from this pathway and uncover their intrinsically disordered proteins regions (IDPRs) and investigate functionality implicated in these IDPRs. The present study provides a new look at the melanoma heterogeneity and suggests that, in addition to the well-established genetic heterogeneity of melanoma, there is another level of heterogeneity that lies within the conformational ensembles that stem from intrinsic disorder in melanoma-related proteins. The hope is that these insights will inspire future drug discovery campaigns.