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Testing the hillslope erosion model for application in India, New Zealand and Australia
- Cogle, A.L., Lane, L.J., Basher, L.
- Environmental modelling & software with environment data news 2003 v.18 no.8 pp. 825
- soil erosion, water erosion, sediment yield, rangelands, rangeland soils, runoff, clay soils, clay loam soils, erodibility, slope, equations, soil erosion models, India, New Zealand, Australia
- The hillslope erosion model (HEM) was developed to describe erosion and sediment yield on rangelands and is based on mathematical relationships among sediment yield, runoff, hillslope characteristics, and a relative soil erodibility value. It is available on the web site, http://www.eisnr.tucson.ars.ag.gov/HillslopeErosionModel. Currently, HEM has had limited application outside the USA. Our aim was to test the utility of the model with data from (a) a sandy loam at Hyderabad, India; (b) a clay loam at Pukekohe, New Zealand; and (c) a heavy red clay soil in northern Australia. Calibration showed that derived relative soil erodibility values for Indian and Australian locations differed from those determined for the USA datasets, however the default value appeared to be applicable for the New Zealand data with some variability. Our testing suggests that further calibration and analysis are necessary before default values can be identified for all sites. We also suggest however, that cautious use with derived soil erodibilities is possible at these locations, as further model testing occurs.