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Biological drying of municipal solid waste from landfill

Slezak, Radosław, Krzystek, Liliana, Ledakowicz, Stanisław
Drying technology 2020 v.38 no.1-2 pp. 189-199
aeration, bioreactors, carbon dioxide, drying, gasification, heat, landfills, lysimeters, municipal solid waste, oils, pyrolysis, temperature, water content
The aim of this work was to investigate the process of biodrying of municipal solid waste from the old landfill to preparing it for pyrolysis or gasification. New aspect of this research is biodrying of waste from old landfill. Biodrying of wastes was carried out at different aeration rates (7, 35, and 175 dm³/kg dry matter/d) at two temperatures (23 and 50 °C). The research was carried out in the laboratory bioreactors of special design (lysimeters), which simulated the conditions prevailing in the landfill. The optimal conditions for reduction of moisture in waste (63.2%) has been attained for the highest aeration rate (175 dm³/kg dry matter/d) and temperature equal to 50 °C. The final moisture content of the obtained biodried product was 23% w/w. In the bioreactor, in which the greatest reduction of moisture was obtained, the total amount of produced CO₂ was 44.9 gC/kg dry matter, and the biodrying efficiency was equal to 0.89. During biodrying of wastes in optimal conditions, higher heating value of waste increased from 4.3 to 11.0 MJ/kg. As a result of the performed pyrolysis of biodried waste at 900 °C, char, oil, and gas were obtained the respective yields of 47, 32, and 21% w/w. The gas emerging in the gasification process was characterized by higher heating value equal to 11.3 MJ/m³.